Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH)
The primary use of AMH testing is to assess a woman’s ovarian reserve status or, in more basic terms, it is an approximation of the supply of eggs a woman has remaining. Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) is a hormone blood test that has become increasingly popular among physicians in the field of reproductive medicine over the past several years. This is one of several key factors used to help diagnose and treat women experiencing infertility issues.
- More direct measurement of ovarian reserve since AMH is produced by developing eggs whereas other tests measure hormones produced by the brain
- Can be done with blood drawn on any day of the menstrual cycle, and results are not significantly affected by oral contraceptive therapy so patients on oral contraceptives do not have to go off of them.
- By measuring the amount of this hormone in a woman’s body, a physician can get a good estimate as to supply of eggs remaining, also known as ovarian reserve.
- This test is different from other tests used to measure ovarian reserve since it does not fluctuate throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle, it can be performed while on oral contraceptives and has been shown to be a tool that can aid in the diagnosis of PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome).
- A new potential application of this test is to help predict the onset of menopause.